There are various types of treatment, in our treatment cheat sheet, available for treating mental health and addiction that can be either traditional or considered more experimental. With new research being developed constantly, some therapy models become outdated while newer, innovative approaches begin to be put into practice.
Here is a list of the most common types of therapies. Under each category can exist an array of specific treatment methods. Treatment centers usually combine different types of therapies depending on a patient’s unique needs.
Individual therapy is one of the most popular and effective types of therapy. A patient will spend the entire session one on one with a psychotherapist. During individual therapy, the patient and therapist will build a rapport exploring that patient psych long term. Discussions will usually involves a patients deep internal conflicts, negative thoughts and feelings and exploring coping strategies for day to day challenges.
Group therapy involves one therapist and several other patients at a designated time. Groups can either be open for anyone to join or closed to focus on its core consistent members. Although there is less focused attention on one particular person, group therapy allows for interconnections between participants that instill support, encouragement and interpersonal learning.
The theory behind CBT is that much of how we feel is determined by what we think. According to Henry Mayo, “CBT helps you become aware of inaccurate or negative thinking so you can view challenging situations more clearly and respond to them in a more effective way.”
These can be emotional challenges like dealing with high-stress and grief or managing mental health disorders . During treatment, patients will become more aware of their negative thoughts, emotions and inaccurate beliefs .Cognitive behavioral therapy can be combined with other types of therapy including mindfulness therapy, MCBT. Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) is a specific type of is a specific type of CBT that can focus on distress tolerance or emotional regulation.
Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing therapy is still considered a new type of therapy. EMDR is designed to alleviate the distress associated with traumatic memories and is primarily used to treat patients with PTSD. This type of treatment is interactive, in which the patient recalls the traumatic event while the therapist utilizes hand motion techniques to guide client eye movements. The idea is that events will be less impactful when your attention is diverted.
Family dynamics play a huge role in the health of a person’s psyche. Whether that be relationships founded in childhood, through adolescence and adult romantic relationships. Many psychology professionals believe family therapy is crucial in mental health and substance abuse recovery. Other therapies under family therapy include marriage and interpersonal therapy that focuses on the patient’s relationships with other people.
The holistic therapy umbrella can include art therapy, massage therapy, animal assisted therapy, equine therapy sound healing, reiki, acupuncture music therapy and so much more. The idea is that healing includes a patient’s body, mind and spirit. Some form of holistic therapy is almost always combined with the types of therapy mentioned in treatment cheat sheets.