Name: SODIQ AD...
From: LAGOS /LAGOS ISLAND, LAGOS
School: Ahmadu Bello University
Why do you believe we as a nation are dealing with an addiction crisis?
The term “TV
addiction ” is imprecise, but it captures the essence of a very
real phenomenon. Psychology formally define addiction as a disorder
characterized by criteria that include spending a great deal of time
using the thing: using it more often than one intends, thinking about
reduce use, giving up important activities to use it and reporting
withdrawal symptoms when one stops using it.
criteria can apply to people who watch a lot of television. That does
not mean that watching television, in itself ,is problematic.
Television can teach and amuse, it can be highly artistic, it can
provide much needed distraction and escape. The difficulty arises
when people strongly sense that they ought not to watch as much as
they do and yet find they are unable to reduce their viewing. Some
knowledge of how television becomes so addictive can help heavy
viewers gain better control over to their lives.
The amount of
time people spend watching television is astonishing. On average,
individuals in the industrialized world devote three hours a day to
the activity fully half of their leisure time, and more than on any
single activity expect work and sleep. possibly, this devotion means
simply that people enjoy TV and make a conscious decision to watch
it. But if that is the whole story ,why do so many people worry about
how much they view?
people’s reactions to TV, Researcher have undertaken laboratory
experiments. .in which they have monitored the brain waves, skin
resistance or heart rate of people watching television.
What is more
surprising is that the sense of relaxation ends when the set is
turned off, but the feelings of passivity and lowered alertness
continue. Survey Participants commonly reflect that television has
somehow absorbed out their energy, leaving them depleted, They say
that have more difficultly concentrating after viewing than before
.In contrast , they rarely indicate such difficultly after reading.
After playing sports or engaging in hobbies ,people s moods are about
the same or worse than before.
People watch a great deal longer than they plan to even though
prolonged viewing is less rewarding. The orienting response is an
instinctive reaction to any sudden or new, such as movement or
possible attack by predator. Typical orienting reactions include the
following the arteries to the brain grow wider allowing more blood
reach it, the heart slow down and arteries to the large brain.