Name: Adeogun Sofiat From: Tyumen, Western Siberia Votes: 0
ADDICTION CRISIS AWERENESS.
WHY WE AS A NATION ARE DEALING
WITH ADDICTION CRISIS.
In every nations and country we are all dealing with addiction crisis. I believe we as a nation are dealing with addiction crisis because our mental health and addiction crisis has led to the longest decline in life expectancy since world war 1. This is a priority for me because as a future doctor I see the implication of addiction crisis everywhere I go, everything from the effect that people surrounding me are facing.
But before putting the horse before the cart, I will like to shed more light on what we call addiction crisis. What do we understand by addiction, crisis and when the two words are join together to form one sentence which is addiction crisis. What are the consequence of addiction crisis in our nation? How can we eradicate addition crisis.
Addiction is a condition in which a person engages in the use of a substance or in a behavior for which the rewarding effects provide a compelling incentive to repeated pursue the behavior despite detrimental consequences. While crisis is refer to a short term substantial change in one’s psychological functioning or circumstances. And according to the phenomenon addiction crisis is ?
Addiction crisis are cause
CONSEQUENCES OF ADDICTION CRISIS FOR INDIVIDUAL AND THE SOCIETY.
There so many consequence of addiction crisis. For example addiction of drugs like (marihuana, cocaine, nicotine and heroine) and alcohol have lot of consequences for both individual and the society.
The first consequence is physical and psychological dependency, in many instance the drug addict becomes physically and psychologically dependent on the drug. Sudden withdrawal of the drug from the addict results in the withdrawal symptoms. The prolonged use of the drug brings about psychological changes in the central nervous system, which causes physical manifestation when the drug is suddenly withdrawn.
Craveness: a drug addict craves for a particular drug and becomes increasingly upset if deprived of it, and he/ she may uses any means to obtain the drug either by disobeying the law or by using any other method which can also affect the society.
Suffering : this is usually experienced either by the drug addict or the society he/she belongs or both. And to crown it all drug abuse or addiction leads to an untimely death.
REMEDY TO ADDICTION CRISIS ON BOTH THE INDIVIDUAL AND SOCIETY.
From my own point of view before we can provide a solution to any addiction crisis I think it is better to know the causes. For example we have so many causes of addiction crisis e.g Some of the factors that contribute to the risk are these:
Genes; scientists find that genetic factors contribute about half the risk for developing a substance use disorder.
Physiological factors. Variations in liver enzymes that metabolize substances are known to influence risk of alcohol use disorder.
Gender. Males are more likely to develop substance use disorder than females.
Personality factors. Both impulsivity and sensation seeking have been linked to substance use and gambling disorders. Impulsivity may be particularly related to the risk of relapse.
Trauma and abuse. Perhaps by sensitizing brain pathways of alarm/ distress, perhaps by adding to the burden of stress, early exposure to significant adverse experience can contribute to the development of substance use disorder by overwhelming the coping ability of an individual.
Mental health factors. Condition such as depression, anxiety, attention deficit disorder and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) increase the increase the risk of addiction. Difficulties managing strong emotions are also to substance use.
Accessibility factors. Easy available of alcohol or other substances in one’s home, at school or work or in one’s community increases the risk of repeated use.
Peer group influence; As profoundly social animals, people are strongly influenced by their peers and in generally seeking to be like them, adopt many of their behaviors, particularly during the adolescent years. Positive social relationships are known to strongly protect against substance intake.
Employment status; Having a job, and developing and the skills for employment, exerts pressure for stability and provides financial and psychological rewards that mitigate addiction risk.
Family factor; While strong family relationships have been shown to protect against substances use disorders, several aspects of family functioning or circumstances can contribute to addiction risk. Having a parent or siblings with an addictive disorders raises the risk, as those lack parental supervision or support. Poor-quality or troubled parent-child relations and family disruptions such as divorce add to risk. Sexual, physical or emotional abuse also increases risk. Research shows that marriage and taking on child-raising responsibilities mitigate the risk of addiction.